The Free State of Thuringia (German: Freistaat
Thüringen, is a state of Germany, located in the central part of the
country. It is known as the "green heart of Germany", due to the
dense forest that covers the terrain. It has an area of 16,171
square kilometers (6,243.7 sq mi) and 2.29 million inhabitants,
making it the sixth smallest by area and the fifth smallest by
population of Germany's sixteen states. The capital is Erfurt.
From the Northwest going clockwise, Thuringia borders on the German
states of Lower Saxony, Saxony-Anhalt, Saxony, Bavaria and Hesse.
The ridges of the western Harz Mountains divide the region from
Lower Saxony on the north-west, while the eastern Harz similarly
separates Thuringia from the state of Saxony-Anhalt to the
north-east. To the south and southwest, the Thuringian Forest
effectively separates the ancient region of Franconia, now the
northern part of Bavaria, from the rolling plains of most of
Thuringia. The central Harz range extends southwards along the
western side into the northwest corner of the Thuringian Forest
region, making Thuringia a lowland basin of rolling plains nearly
surrounded by ancient somewhat-difficult mountains. To the west
across the mountains and south is the drainage basin of the Rhine
The most conspicuous geographical feature of Thuringia is the
Thuringian Forest, a mountain chain in the southwest. The Werra
River, a tributary of the Weser River, separates this mountain chain
from the volcanic Rhön Mountains, which are partially in Thuringia,
Bavaria, and Hesse. In the northwest, Thuringia includes a small
part of the Harz. The eastern part of Thuringia is generally a
plain. The Saale River runs through these lowlands from south to
The geographic center of the Federal Republic is located in
Thuringia, near the municipality of Niederdorla.
Enjoy a journey through the past and visit castles, palaces and ruins
where history is prevalent throughout this German State. Thuringia's
exciting cities offer an amazing variety to visitors. Johann Wolfgang
von Goethe, Friedrich Schiller, Martin Luther and Johann Sebastian Bach
are among many famous personalities from this region. City of Erfurt
renowned as important center of trade and commerce and famous for skills
and artistry of dyers. Horticulture is today's economic focus. Towns
throughout this State offer visitors outstanding view of extremely well
preserved medieval structures, historic old town centers and squares.
This State is culmination of where great minds, romantic castles and
modern life come together.
Erfurt is the
capital city of the state of Thuringia (Thüringen) located in the "green
heart of Germany". Erfurt was first recognized in 742 A. D. and has
grown in the middle ages from being an important intersection of the old
trading routes to become a powerful centre of the trading industries and
an important university. Erfurt’s cultural, intellectual and economic
strengths brought great personalities such as Luther (Augustinian
monastery), Adam Ries, Goethe, Schiller, Herder, Wieland, Bach (Kaufmannskirche,
the church where J. S. Bach’s parents were married), W. v. Humboldt,
Zsar Alexander and Napoléon (Kaisersaal, Staatskanzlei).
The former wealth of the city may be witnessed in the many carefully
restored renaissance and half-timbered houses which, with many other
buildings and the Krämerbrücke make up one of the best preserved
historical city centres of medieval times in Germany. At one time the 36
parish churches and chapels as well as 15 monasteries and ecclesiastical
foundations were responsible for Erfurt having been given the nicknames
"Rome of Thuringia" and "erfordia turrita" (tower crowned Erfurt). The
capital city of Thuringia is without a doubt one of the most beautiful
cities of Germany.
attraction in the city of Eisenach is Wartburg Castle, Germany's first
castle on the list of UNESCO World Heritage Sites. According to
legend, the Wartburg was founded in 1067 by Ludwig der Springer (Ludwig
the Jumper). With him began the unprecedented development of the "Ludovinger"
family, who ruled for more than 200 years as the most influential
princes in the Holy Roman Empire of the German Nation. For a complete
time-line on this castle