Upper Bavaria (German: Oberbayern) is
one of the seven administrative regions of Bavaria, Germany.
Upper Bavaria is located in the southern portion of Bavaria, and is
centered around the city of Munich. It is subdivided into four
regions (Planungsverband): Ingolstadt, Munich, Bayerisches Oberland
(Upper Bavaria), and Südostoberbayern (South East Upper Bavaria). It
is named 'Upper Bavaria' because the land is higher above sea level
than the rest of Bavaria, not because it is farther north.
The Upper Bavarian coat of arms consists of two general Bavarian
symbols: of the Bavarian white (silver) and blue lozenges (bayerische
Rauten) and the Bavarian lion (pfalz-bayerischen Löwe). With that
Upper Bavaria represents the facts that it is one of the core parts
of the old wittelsbachischen territories of Bavaria and also that it
is area and population wise the largest current day Bavarian
Due to historical reasons Upper Bavarias population is traditionally
catholic, there are 70 % Roman-Catholics (römisch-katholisch) and 17
% protestants (evangelisch-lutherisch), according to data from 1987.
This is due to the fact that Upper Bavaria was for centuries part of
the old-Bavarian wittelsbachischen territory (Altbayern) , ruled by
the House of Wittelsbach that was catholic. In the past the people
of this area either stayed catholic or reverted back to Catholicism
after the so-called Gegenreformation (rigorous reinforcing of
(districts) Kreisfreie Städte