Lower Bavaria (Niederbayern)
Bavaria (German: Niederbayern) is one of the seven administrative
regions of Bavaria, Germany, located in the east of the state.
Lower Bavaria is subdivided into three regions (Planungsverband)—Landshut,
Passau and Donau-Wald. Recent election results mark it as the most
conservative part of Germany, generally giving huge margins to the
CSU. This part of Bavaria includes the Bavarian Forest, a well-known
tourist destination in Germany, and the Lower Bavarian Upland.
Waldkirchen is the biggest town in the district of
Freyung-Grafenau in Germany.
Waldkirchen burned down 6 times (1492- 1945).
The last time was on 26 April 1945, when Waldkirchen was destroyed
by advancing American troops because of a misunderstanding. A dozen
people lost their lives in the barrage. (mainly women and old
The totally devastated city was rebuilt during the 1950s and became
a "Stadt" (City) in 1972.
is a town in Bavaria, capital of the district Deggendorf. The
earliest traces of settlement in the area are found near the Danube,
about 8,000 years ago. Both Bronze Age and Celtic era archeological
finds indicate continuous habitation through the years. Henry II,
Holy Roman Emperor established in 1002 his supremacy over the area.
Deggendorf was the site of a displaced persons camp for Jewish
refugees after World War II. It housed approximately 2,000 refugees,
who created a cultural center that included two newspapers, the
Deggendorf Center Review and Cum Ojfboj, theater group,
synagogue, mikvah, kosher kitchen, and more. The camp even issued
its own currency known as the Deggendorf Dollar. Many of the camp's
residents were survivors of the concentration camp at Theresienstadt.
The camp closed in 1949.
is a town in the Lower Bavarian district of Kelheim, in Bavaria,
Germany, lying around 30 km southwest of Regensburg, 40 km east of
Ingolstadt, 50 northwest of Landshut and 100 km north of Munich. It
is situated on the Abens river, a tributary of the Danube.
There had been settlement on this part of the Abens river since long
before the High Middle Ages, dating back to Neolithic times. Of
particular interest and national importance are the Neolithic flint
mines at Arnhofen, where, around 7,000 years ago, Stone Age people
made flint, which was fashioned into drills, blades and arrowheads,
and was regarded as the steel of the Stone Age. Traces of over
20,000 individuals were found on this site.
The area around Abensberg, the so-called sand belt between Siegburg,
Neustadt an der Donau, Abensberg and Langquaid, is used for the
intensive farming of asparagus, due to the optimal soil condition
and climate. 212 hectares of land can produce ninety-four asparagus
plants. Abensberg asparagus enjoys a reputation among connoisseurs
as a particular delicacy. In addition to asparagus, the production
of hops plays a major role locally, the region having its own label,
and there are still three independent breweries in the area. The
town of Abensberg marks the start of the Deutsche Hopfenstraße
(German Hops Road), a nickname given to the Bundesstraße 301, a
German federal highway which runs through the heartland of Germany's
hops-growing industry, ending in Freising.
Landshut is a city in Bavaria in the south-east of Germany,
belonging to both Eastern and Southern Bavaria. Situated on the
banks of the River Isar, Landshut acts is the capital of Lower
Bavaria, one of the seven administrative regions of the Free State
of Bavaria. It is also the seat of the surrounding district. With a
population of over 60,000 inhabitants, Landshut is the largest city
in Lower Bavaria, followed by Passau and Straubing, as well as
Eastern Bavaria's second biggest city after Regensburg.
Owing to its characteristic coat of arms, the city is also often
called "Three Helmets City" (German: Dreihelmenstadt).
Due to its proximity and easy access to Munich and the Franz Josef
Strauss International Airport, situated halfway between Munich and
Landshut on the banks of the Isar, the city has East Bavaria's
lowest unemployment rate (ca. 4.2% in October 2006), lower than the
Bavarian average of ca. 5.8%.
Landshut lies in the centre of Lower Bavaria, and is part of the
Alpine foothills. The River Isar runs through the city centre.
Landshut is about 72 kilometres (45 mi) northeast of Munich
The city is of national importance because of its predominantly
Gothic architecture within the historic city center, especially
Trausnitz Castle and the Church of Saint Martin featuring the
world's tallest brick tower. Among other Gothic architecture are the
churches St. Jodok and Holy Spirit, but also the Town Hall and the
Ländtor, the only still existing gate of the medieval fortification.
Landshut is also known for a festival celebrated every four years
called the Landshuter Hochzeit, commemorating the 1475 marriage of
George of Bavaria and Jadwiga Jagiellon.
The Landshut Wedding (German: Landshuter Hochzeit) is one of the
largest historical pageants in Europe. Countless visitors from all
over the world have taken part, or have been spectators of the "Landshuter
Hochzeit 1475", a pageant held in Landshut, Bavaria (Germany). More
than 2,000 participants in mediaeval costumes bring the festival to
life to recreate the Late Middle Ages. It commemorates the wedding
between Hedwig, the Polish King's daughter, and George, the son of
the Duke of Landshut.
The original mediaeval wedding is re-enacted every four years, and
everyone gets carried away with mediaeval jousting, pageantry,
feasting and wedding processions for a short period in the summer.
is an independent city in Lower Bavaria, southern Germany. It is
seat of the district Straubing-Bogen. Annually in August the
Gäubodenvolksfest, the second largest fair in Bavaria, is held. The
city is located on the Danube forming the center of the Gäuboden.
The area of Straubing has been continuously settled since the
Neolithic. The conquest by the Romans in 16-14 BC had a dramatic
impact on the whole region. Even today many traces of the 400-year
Roman occupation can be found; for example, the famous 'Römerschatz'
(roman treasure) which is shown in the Gäubodenmuseum. Sorviodurum,
as the Romans called it, was an important military support base.
Nowadays, this new town is the center of Straubing with many shops,
offices, restaurants and a pedestrian area. Most buildings there
still have medieval style. The nightlife of Straubing, with many
pubs and discothèques, is concentrated in this area.
A must is the beautiful gothic cathedral-like Basilika St. Jakob,
the romanesque St. Peter's Church, the Carmelite Monastery with its
baroque Church and library, St. Vitus (see picture), where you can
find a life-size personifciation of "state and church" joined in
In 1944 und 1945 Straubing suffered from several American Air raids.
The local military hospital was destroyed to an extent of 80 percent
with a loss of 45 inmates, although it was clearly marked with the
Red Cross insignia on the roof tops.
Straubing also has many industrial areas and a port at the river
Danube with access to the Rhine-Main-Danube Canal, a connection from
the North Sea to the Black Sea. It is the center of the Bavarian
high tech offensive in biotechnology.
Gäubodenvolksfest in Straubing is the second largest genuine folk
festival in Bavaria, Germany, after the Munich Oktoberfest.
The Gäubodenvolksfest is a modern and family friendly festival with
about 120 carousels, roller coasters and six big beer tents with
24.000 seats at an area of about 90.000 m²., but it has upheld its
traditional character. Many of the about 1.2 million visitors wear
Bavarian costume ("Trachten").
The festival combines Bavarian tradition with progress and vitality.
It is one of Bavaria's oldest and most popular festivals and it has
increased to one of the biggest events in Germany. Beer plays a
central role in the fair. The beer is specially brewed. Only
breweries from Straubing or the district Straubing-Bogen are allowed
to serve beer there.
the first day of the festival there is a "Bierprobe", that means
"trying of the beer" and a parade with 2,000 participants in native
cloths on foot, on horses or horse carriages.
On the second day there is the official opening with a
representative of the Bavarian or German government.
The festival is held every year in the middle of August and lasts 11
days. The festival is celebrated by the whole city as a "fifth
season", and many companies are closed down during this time.
Combined with the Gäubodenvolksfest is the Ostbayernschau, the
biggest fair trade of eastern Bavaria.
Passau in the
southeast of Germany is located at the Austrian border. Situated at
the confluence of the rivers Danube, Inn and Ilz, Passau is
worldwide known as "The Three Rivers City".
The earliest evidence of human settlement dates back to the
Neolithic. Passau was part of the Roman Empire for more than 400
years. It became an Episcopal seat in the year 739 AD. Passau was an
independent prince bishopric for over 600 years. Finally in 1803
Passau was annexed into Bavaria. The setting of the Old Town,
created by Italian baroque masters in the 17th century, shows
soaring towers, picturesque places, enchanting promenades and
In the heart of Passau on the Old Town’s highest point rises St.
Steven’s Cathedral, in which the world’s largest cathedral organ
sounds. Sitting high above the rivers, the majestic fortress "Veste
Oberhaus" on the Danube’s side and the Pilgrimage Church "Mariahilf"
on the Inn’s side frame the city outstandingly beauty.
Passau with its unique charm and its atmosphere is one of the most
beautiful and spectacular German cities on the Danube.
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