Middle Franconia (Mittelfranken)
Middle Franconia (German: Mittelfranken) is one of the three
administrative regions of Franconia in Bavaria, Germany. It is in
the west of Bavaria and adjoins the state of Baden-Württemberg. The
administrative seat is Ansbach but the most populated city is
The area, previously composed of independent principalities within
the Holy Roman Empire, became a district of the kingdom of Bavaria
in Napoleonic times at the start of the 19th century. It gained its
current name in 1838.
Located in the heart of Germany and all of Europe, Franconia rose to
become the early center of the Holy Roman Empire of German Nations.
Franconia is still situated in the geographical center of Europe,
North ot the Danube River and with the Main River flowing right
Natural beauty and variety are two of the hallmarks of the region:
The scenery alternates from facinating natural landscapes to
attractive vacation spots.
Ansbach Erlangen-Höchstadt Fürth
Neustadt (Aisch)-Bad Windsheim Nürnberger Land
Ansbach (the administrative headquarters of Middle Franconia)
Erlangen Fürth Nuremberg (Nürnberg) Schwabach
Ansbach, or Anspach, originally Onolzbach, is a town in
Bavaria, Germany. It is the capital of the administrative region of
Middle Franconia. Ansbach is situated 25 miles (40 km) southwest of
Nuremberg and 90 miles (140 km) north of Munich, on the Fränkische
Rezat, a tributary of the Main river. Population: 40,723 (2004).
During World War II, a subcamp of Flossenburg concentration camp was
located here. Also during the Second World War the Luftwaffe and
Wehrmacht had bases here. The nearby airbase was the home station
for the Stab & I/KG53 (Staff & 1st Group of Kampfgeschwader 53)
operating 38 Heinkel He 111 bombers. On 1 September 1939 this unit
was one of the many that participated in the attack on Poland that
started the war. During the Western Allied invasion of Germany in
April 1945, the airfield was seized by the United States Third
located in northern Bavaria, Germany in the administrative region (Regierungsbezirk)
of Middle Franconia. It is now contiguous with the larger city of
Nuremberg, the centres of the two cities being only 7 km apart.
Fürth, Nuremberg and Erlangen, together with some smaller towns,
form the "Middle Franconian Conurbation", which is one of 23 "major
centres" in Bavaria and one of the 11 German metropolitan regions.
Fürth celebrated its thousandth anniversary in 2007, its first
mention being on 1 November 1007.
Fürth survived the Second World War with less damage than most
German cities, and many historic buildings remain. Fürth has a very
high density of historic buildings and monuments per head of
population (17 per 1000 inhabitants).
The city centre is typified by the streets with intact architecture
from the 19th and early 20th centuries. In the old town, around the
Church of St. Michael, there are ensembles of buildings from the
17th and 18th centuries. Of particular note is the Hornschuch
Promenade with Gründerzeit and Jugendstil apartment houses. The
Südstadt, the southern part of the town, also has many historic
buildings, but these tend to be former workers' tenements, so the
house fronts are less grand.
The Rathaus, built in the Italian style by Friedrich Bürklein
between 1840 and 1850, is modelled on the Palazzo Vecchio in
is a spa town in the district of Bayreuth, in Bavaria, Germany. It
is situated on the White Main river, in the Fichtelgebirge
mountains, 13 km northeast of Bayreuth. Its official title is Bad
Berneck im Fichtelgebirge. It lies in the northern part of the
Bavarian province of Upper Franconia. Since 1857 it has been a spa,
initially based on its climate and whey products. In 1930 it became
a Kneipp spa and, in 1950, a Kneipp health spa.
On 1 October 1929 the district of Berneck was dissolved. In the
1930s, Adolf Hitler spent the night in the then fashionable Bube
Hotel on several occasions during the festival in Bayreuth. In 1930,
Kneipp cures were introduced and its recognition as a spa came in
1950. However since the 1970s, its role as a spa has tailed off
"This part of Bavaria is an area that should be on your list of
places to visit. There are several cities and town that are
wonderful to visit. Part of the "Romantic Road" runs through
middle Franconia and there a several towns that are a must to see.
We have enjoyed being in
Dinkelsbühl both in the summer and in at Christmas time for their
market. Then there is
Rothenburg ob der Tauber...the oldest medieval city in Germany.
You can believe me that you will take hundreds of photos as there is
something around every corner as you walk the town. It has been a
pleasure to be in this town in every time of the year...including
their great Christmas market. If you are spending the advent
season in Germany then you must plan to attend the Christmas Market
in Nuremberg. It is always a highlight of any trip during the
I have prepared a pages for each of these towns and prepared a
slideshow for your enjoyment of my travels to these towns during the
The following are several cities and towns that deserve a separate
page: CLICK TO VIEW
Rothenburg ob der Tauber