Area: 23,170 km2
Population: 1.8 million
(also known as Mecklenburg-Western Pomerania in English) is a
federal state in northern Germany. The capital city is Schwerin. The
state was formed through the merger of the historic regions of
Mecklenburg and Vorpommern after World War II, dissolved in 1952 and
recreated prior to the German reunification in 1990.
Mecklenburg-Vorpommern is the sixth largest German state by
territory, and the least densely populated one. The coastline of the
Baltic Sea, including islands such as Rügen and Usedom, as well as
the Mecklenburg Lake District are characterised by many holiday
resorts and pristine nature, making Mecklenburg-Vorpommern one of
Germany's leading tourist destinations. Three of Germany's fourteen
national parks are in Mecklenburg-Vorpommern, in addition to several
hundred nature conservation areas. The University of Rostock (est.
1419) and the University of Greifswald (est. 1456) are amongst the
oldest in Europe.
Major cities include Rostock, Schwerin, Neubrandenburg, Stralsund,
Greifswald and Wismar. Mecklenburg-Vorpommern was the site of the
33rd G8 summit in 2007.
This area is picturesque with its 210 miles of coastline with numerous
inlets surrounded by steep cliffs, beaches and several Islands - Usedom,
Hiddensee, and Rügen
with elevations up to 525 feet. Fifteen percent of this land is made up
of natural reserves making it uniquely diverse. The wonderful moderate
climate offers clear, salty air, soft breezes and many hours of sunshine
to pamper visitors searching for true rest and relaxation.
capital city of Schwerin dates back to 1018 with its Schwerin Cathedral,
regarded as one of the best known examples of Gothic brick architecture
in Baltic Sea region. The castle and museum with surrounding gardens are
wealth of water and woodland, cultural treasures rich in tradition and
fascinating architecture give the State capital of Mecklenburg-Western
Pomerania, the second oldest city east of the Elbe, its character.
Schwerin is surrounded by many
picturesque lakes. The largest of these lakes, the Schweriner See,
has an area of 60 km². In the midst of these lakes there was once an
Obotrite settlement (dated back to the 11th century). The area was
called Zuarin, and the name Schwerin is derived from that
designation. In 1160, Henry the Lion defeated the Obotrites and
captured Schwerin. The town was subsequently expanded into a
powerful regional centre. A castle was built, and expanded upon over
the centuries, on this site. It is supposedly haunted by the small,
impious ghost, called Petermännchen.
reunification in 1990, the former state of Mecklenburg-Vorpommern
was recreated as one of the Bundesländer. Rostock was a serious
contender as state capital but the decision favored Schwerin
attraction of the state capital is Schwerin Castle. The city's emblem is
set in a picturesque location on the banks of Schwerin Lake, Germany's
third largest lake.
Rügen, Germany's largest and possibly most
beautiful island, has offered vacationers and bathers a perfect paradise
for over a hundred years. Several seaside resorts offer tourists spa
resorts, fishing villages, breath taking white sandy beaches as well as
hiking and biking trails which lead into practically untouched natural
Rügen is a Kreis (district) in the northeastern part of
Mecklenburg-Vorpommern, Germany. It is bordered entirely by the
Baltic Sea. The nearest district is Nordvorpommern and the
district-free city Stralsund.
The district covers the islands Rügen and Hiddensee, and several
small islands like Ummanz and Vilm. It is thus the only district of
Germany which consists solely of islands.
Bergen auf Rügen is the capital of the district of Rügen in the
middle of the island of Rügen in Mecklenburg-Vorpommern, Germany.
Since 1 January 2005, Bergen has moreover been the administrative
seat of the Amt of Bergen auf Rügen, which with a population of over
23,000 is Mecklenburg-Vorpommern's most populous Amt.
( literally "flowing apart") is the largest city in the north
German state Mecklenburg-Vorpommern. Rostock is located on the
Warnow river; the quarter of Warnemünde 12 km north of the city
centre lies directly on the coast of the Baltic Sea.
In Rostock's long history, the city carried three different coat of
arms known as the Signum, Secretum and Sigillum. The Signum, which
can be traced back to 1367, was developed last and is to this modern
day the coat of arms of the city.
Rostock is home to one of the oldest universities in the world.
Founded in 1419, the University of Rostock is the third oldest
university in Germany in continuous operation, the second oldest in
Northern Europe (after St Andrews) and the oldest university in
continental northern Europe
, officially, the University and Hanseatic City of Greifswald is a
town in northeastern Germany. It is situated in the state of
Mecklenburg-Vorpommern, at an equal distance of about 250 kilometres
(160 mi) from Germany's two largest cities, Berlin and Hamburg. The
town borders the Baltic Sea, and is crossed by a small river, the
Ryck. It is also located near Germany's two largest islands, Rügen
and Usedom as well as near three of the country's 14 national parks.
The population is about 55,000, including 12,500 students and 5,000
employees of the University of Greifswald. Greifswald is
internationally known due to the university and nearly one in three
people in Greifswald are linked in some way to higher education.
According to a 2009 study, 44% of all people in Greifswald use
their bicycle for daily transport within the town, which is the
highest such rate in Germany
is a city in Mecklenburg-Vorpommern, Germany. It is situated in
the southeastern part of the state, on the shore of a lake called
the Tollensesee (18 km²).
The city is famous for its rich medieval heritage of Brick Gothic.
It belongs to the famous European Route of Brick Gothic, a route
which leads through seven countries along the Baltic Sea coast.
Neubrandenburg has preserved its medieval city wall in its entirety.
The wall, 7 m high and with a perimeter of 2.3 km has four Brick
Gothic town gates, dating back to the 14th and 15th centuries.
During World War II, a large prisoner-of-war camp Stalag II-A was
located close to the town. In 1945, few days before the end of World
War II, 80% of the old town was burned down by the Red Army in a
great fire. In that course, about 600 people committed suicide.
Since then, most buildings of historical relevance have been